Fossil Fuels Coal, Lignite, And Peat

Turkey's foreign dependence on energy

Authors: Uslu, T. [Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon (Turkey). Dept. of Mining Engineering]
 
Abstract: Turkey becomes more dependent on the external countries in energy production every year. As an average of the period 1994-2002 the total primary energy production has been 27.9 Mtoe, and consumption has been 73.06 Mtoe, so Turkey is dependent on external countries in petroleum, natural gas, and hard coal consumption. The external dependency rate of these fuels has been at levels of 89.3%, 96.6%, and 82%, respectively. In the projections of Turkey for 2020, the primary energy consumption is estimated to be 298 Mtoe, production is estimated to be 70 Mtoe, the ratio of production to consumption will be reduced to 23.5%, and this situation will cause serious risks for sustainable development. In other words, Turkey will have to import 76.5% of the energy that it consumes in the 2020s.
Publication Date: 01 Jul 2008
Resource Type: Journal Article
Resource Relation: Journal: Energy Sources Part B: Economics, Planning and Policy; Journal Volume: 3; Journal Issue: 2
Country of Publication: United States
Language: English
Keywords relating to this report:
BITUMINOUS COAL
ELECTRIC POWER
ENERGY CONSUMPTION
FORECASTING
IMPORTS
NATURAL GAS
PETROLEUM
PRODUCTION
TURKEY